AMBER Archive (2007)Subject: Re: AMBER: TI Approach  mass perturbation
From: David A. Case (case_at_scripps.edu)
Date: Tue Dec 11 2007  01:13:08 CST
On Mon, Dec 10, 2007, Ilyas Yildirim wrote:
>
> My question is regarding the Thermodynamic Integration implementation
> in AMBER 9. In the amber mailing list, Petr Kulháne kwrote that in a TI
> calculation, mass changes are not reflected in perturbation calculations.
>
> http://amber.ch.ic.ac.uk/archive/200504/0432.html
Note that this comment has to do with earlier versions of Amber, which carried
out TI calculations in a different fashion.
For Amber 9, please see the last paragraph on p. 153 of the Users' Manual.
In classical mechanics, the Boltzmann distribution of configurations (and
hence all averages like <DV/DL>) are independent of the masses. We
arbitrarily decide to use the masses in the prmtop file for the first group.
(This is enforced in mdread.f.)
This does mean that the actual trajectories that you get on going from 0>1
will differ from those on going from 1>0, but any converged statistical
averages will be the same. Note that, following classical dynamics, we don't
even bother to calculate kinetic energy terms, since they should cancel in any
legitimate thermodynamic cycle.
> Does that mean that I cannot
> do any mass perturbation (like a perturbation from oxygen to nitrogen) in
> TI Approach?
No: you certainly can to transformations that include changes in masses. As
always, you have to subtract two sides of a thermodynamic cycle (such as a
transformation in solution vs. one in an enzyme, or a transfomation in
gasphase vs. one in solution) in order to get a physically meaningful number.
[Amber 10 will have the ability to carry out thermodynamic integration on the
masses for pathintegral dynamics. Here, since one is taking quantum
(nuclear) dynamics into consideration, there will be a nontrivial kinetic
energy contribution to the partition function, and this can be used to
estimate kinetic isotope effects and equilibrium isotope partitioning. Or,
it could be used as part of an "alchemy" change (such as N to O, etc.)]
...hope this helps....dac

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